What is Cognitive Behaviour Therapy?


Theory being used

The theory being used for this activity is cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). Cognitive behavior therapy is known as the best practice in the helping profession and is generally used to help others who may be struggling with anxiety, addictions, emotional thoughts, depression, and other concerns. (Addictions, 2007). CBT helps others discover their thoughts and feelings they may have about themselves or their behaviors (CAMH, 2012). It encourages clients to think about and focus on their behavior rather than them as a person. CBT also helps the client learn how to change any of their negative feelings or thoughts and encourages them to set their own personal goals (CAMH, 2012).

In the article, “Cognitive Behavioral Therapy” it discusses how CBT is used to help people understand their thoughts and feelings and be able to tie them together with their behavior. Counselors use cognitive behavioral therapy to help guide and teach others how to improve on their behaviors (Addictions, 2007). It also stated that “The way people think and feel relates to how they will act and the way people act relates to how they will think and feel. (Addictions, 2007).

Counselors who use CBT want to encourage clients to change their way of thinking and to think more about the positives rather than the negatives (Addictions, 2007). People who over think things tend to create cognitive distortions in their mind. Cognitive distortions are beliefs one may create about their selves without even realizing it that could eventually affect their self-esteem (Addictions, 2007). 

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